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Diabetes Care. 2004 Feb;27(2):510-6.

Nondipping and its relation to glomerulopathy and hyperfiltration in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Pediatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. torun.torbjornsdotter@klinvet.ki.se

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether there is a relation between dipping/nondipping status and end-organ damage (measured as renal glomerulopathy) and long-term renal function in order to predict the development of nephropathy in normoalbuminuric patients with type 1 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Analysis of renal biopsy and ambulatory blood pressure measurements was done in relation to renal function tests performed during a 10-year period. Forty unselected patients (16 girls), with a mean age of 17.7 years and a mean duration of 10.7 years, were studied. The renal biopsies were examined by electron microscopy. Ambulatory blood pressure was monitored (Space Labs 90 207). Systolic nondippers were defined as a <7%, diastolic nondippers as a <14%, and mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) nondippers as a <12% fall in blood pressure during the night. Renal function was evaluated every other year by clearances of inulin (glomerular filtration rate [GFR]) and para-amino hippurate (effective renal plasma flow [ERPF]), and filtration fraction (GFR/ERPF) was calculated. Overnight urinary albumin excretion rate and long-term mean HbA(1c) were measured.

RESULTS:

MAP (27% of the patients) and diastolic nondippers (12%) had a significantly thicker basement membrane; larger mesangial matrix volume fraction; and higher long-term GFR, nighttime heart rate, and mean HbA(1c) than dippers.

CONCLUSIONS:

Nondipping status was related to more renal morphological changes and long-term hyperfiltration in normoalbuminuric adolescents and young adults, despite a short duration of type 1 diabetes. Nondipping status may be an early predictor of later nephropathy.

PMID:
14747237
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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