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J Cell Biol. 2004 Feb 2;164(3):441-9. Epub 2004 Jan 26.

Extracellular HMGB1, a signal of tissue damage, induces mesoangioblast migration and proliferation.

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  • 1Department of Molecular Biology and Functional Genomics, San Raffaele Research Institute, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is an abundant chromatin protein that acts as a cytokine when released in the extracellular milieu by necrotic and inflammatory cells. Here, we show that extracellular HMGB1 and its receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) induce both migration and proliferation of vessel-associated stem cells (mesoangioblasts), and thus may play a role in muscle tissue regeneration. In vitro, HMGB1 induces migration and proliferation of both adult and embryonic mesoangioblasts, and disrupts the barrier function of endothelial monolayers. In living mice, mesoangioblasts injected into the femoral artery migrate close to HMGB1-loaded heparin-Sepharose beads implanted in healthy muscle, but are unresponsive to control beads. Interestingly, alpha-sarcoglycan null dystrophic muscle contains elevated levels of HMGB1; however, mesoangioblasts migrate into dystrophic muscle even if their RAGE receptor is disabled. This implies that the HMGB1-RAGE interaction is sufficient, but not necessary, for mesoangioblast homing; a different pathway might coexist. Although the role of endogenous HMGB1 in the reconstruction of dystrophic muscle remains to be clarified, injected HMGB1 may be used to promote tissue regeneration.

Copyright The Rockefeller University Press

PMID:
14744997
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC2172232
Free PMC Article

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