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Vet Microbiol. 2004 Feb 4;98(2):111-9.

Geminivirus DNA replication and cell cycle interactions.

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  • 1Centro de Biologia Molecular "Severo Ochoa", Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas and Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Cantoblanco, 28049 Madrid, Spain.


The Geminiviridae family includes a large number of viruses that infect plants and have a unique geminate virion particle, a single-stranded genome of approximately 2.6-3.0 kb, and replicate through a rolling-circle mechanism. Since they encode for just a few proteins (4-6 depending on the members that belong to four different genera), a rich variety of interactions has evolved between viral proteins and host factors to develop the virus replicative cycle. Among them, we have been particularly interested so far: (i). in the interference with cell cycle regulatory proteins of the retinoblastoma-related (RBR)/E2F pathway and (ii). in the interaction with host DNA replication factors necessary for the assembly of a functional replication complex at the viral origin of DNA replication during the rolling-circle stage. Yeast two-hybrid assays revealed that wheat dwarf virus RepA protein, but nor Rep protein, interacts with plant RBR protein. Interestingly, deletion of the C-terminal domain of Rep confers the truncated protein the ability to interact with RBR, suggesting that this domain may hinder the LXCXE RBR-binding motif. Secondary structure predictions support such a possibility.

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