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J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004 Jan 21;43(2):162-8.

Eptifibatide provides additional platelet inhibition in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction patients already treated with aspirin and clopidogrel. Results of the platelet activity extinction in non-Q-wave myocardial infarction with aspirin, clopidogrel, and eptifibatide (PEACE) study.

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  • 1Institut de Cardiologie, Pitié-Salpétrière University Hospital, Paris, France.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The present study hypothesis was that eptifibatide offered further antiplatelet efficacy above clopidogrel in non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) patients before an expeditive coronary intervention.

BACKGROUND:

Although thienopyridines and glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa antagonists are often co-prescribed in the context of NSTEMI, the antiplatelet interaction of these agents is poorly described and the superiority of GP IIb/IIIa antagonists above thienopyridine treatment alone is not clear.

METHOD:

Thirty-two NSTEMI patients treated with aspirin and enoxaparin were studied using flow cytometry to define parameters of platelet activation with a panel of agonists before clopidogrel, after clopidogrel, and during an eptifibatide infusion following the clopidogrel load.

RESULTS:

After platelet activation with adenosine diphosphate, thrombin receptor-activating peptide, or U46-619, relative reductions in conformationally activated GP IIb/IIIa receptor expression (evaluated with PAC-1) of 48%, 43%, and 33%, respectively (all p < 0.0001), were seen with clopidogrel, but further 80%, 78%, and 72% (all p < 0.0001) reductions were seen with eptifibatide. With the same agonists, fibrinogen binding was significantly reduced after clopidogrel by 70%, 64%, and 81% (all p < 0.0001) and again further reduced with eptifibatide by 90%, 95%, and 69% (all p < 0.0001). The total number of GP IIb/IIIa receptors (measured as P2 expression) and P-selectin expression fell after clopidogrel, after ex vivo stimulation with the same agonists; however, both parameters increased slightly during the eptifibatide infusion.

CONCLUSIONS:

The activated GP IIb/IIIa expression and fibrinogen binding findings indicate that eptifibatide provides significant potent antiplatelet activity above aspirin and clopidogrel, suggesting additive immediate protection in the treatment of NSTEMI. The P2 and P-selectin findings suggest the possibility of a partial agonist and/or pro-inflammatory effect.

PMID:
14736431
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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