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Appl Opt. 2004 Jan 10;43(2):315-23.

Infrared target detection with probability density functions of wavelet transform subbands.

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  • 1Lockheed Martin, 3400 Highcrest Road, Saint Anthony, Minnesota 55418-0000, USA.


We report the development of a wavelet multiresolution texture-based algorithm that uses the probability density functions (PDFs) of the subband of the wavelet decomposition of an image. The moments of these pdfs are used in a clustering algorithm to segment the targets from their background clutter. Using the tools of experimental methodology, we evaluate the performance of this algorithm on real infrared imagery under varying algorithm parameter sets as well as scene, image, and false-alarm conditions. We estimate a set of multidimensional predictive analytic performance models that relate the detection probabilities as functions of false alarm, algorithm internal parameter, target pixel number, target-to-background interference ratio, target-interference ratio, and Fechner-Weber and local entropy metrics in the scene. These models can be used to predict performance in regions were no data are available and to optimize performance by selection of the optimum parameter and constant false-alarm values in regions with known scene and metric conditions.

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