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J Immunol. 2004 Feb 1;172(3):1872-81.

The C10/CCL6 chemokine and CCR1 play critical roles in the pathogenesis of IL-13-induced inflammation and remodeling.

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  • 1Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, USA.


IL-13 is a potent stimulator of inflammation and tissue remodeling that plays a key role in the pathogenesis of a wide variety of human disorders. To further understand these responses, studies were undertaken to define the role(s) of the chemokine C10/CCL6 in the pathogenesis of IL-13-induced alterations in the murine lung. IL-13 was a very potent stimulator of C10/CCL6 mRNA and protein, and IL-13-induced inflammation, alveolar remodeling, and compliance alterations were markedly ameliorated after C10/CCL6 neutralization. Treatment with anti-C10/CCL6 decreased the levels of mRNA encoding matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), MMP-9, and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-4 (TIMP-4) in lungs from wild-type mice. C10/CCL6 neutralization also decreased the ability of IL-13 to stimulate the production of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, macrophage inflammatory protein-1alpha, MMP-2, MMP-9, and cathepsins-K, -L, and -S and the ability of IL-13 to inhibit alpha1-antitrypsin. In accord with these findings, a targeted null mutation of CCR1, a putative C10/CCL6 receptor, also decreased IL-13-induced inflammation and alveolar remodeling and caused alterations in chemokines, proteases, and antiproteases comparable to those seen after C10/CCL6 neutralization. These C10/CCL6 and CCR1 manipulations did not alter the production of transgenic IL-13. These studies demonstrate that IL-13 is a potent stimulator of C10/CCL6 and highlight the importance of C10/CCL6 and signaling via CCR1 in the pathogenesis of the IL-13-induced pulmonary phenotype. They also describe a C10/CCL6 target gene cascade in which C10/CCL6 induction is required for optimal IL-13 stimulation of selected chemokines (monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and MIP-1alpha) and proteases (MMP-2, MMP-9, and cathepsins-K, -L, and -S) and the inhibition of alpha1-antitrypsin.

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