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Blood Purif. 2004;22(1):101-11.

Polymorphism of immunomodulatory cytokine genes: implications in acute renal failure.

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  • 1Dialysis Research Laboratory, Division of Nephrology, Tufts-New England Medical Center, Boston, MA 02111, USA.


Experimental studies have incriminated cytokines and other immunoregulatory molecules as important mediators of tissue injury in acute renal failure (ARF). The relative importance of genetic factors, e.g. polymorphisms involving cytokine genes, in influencing susceptibility to and severity of ARF is unknown. This review summarizes the existing experimental and clinical studies supporting the role of inflammation in ARF, and critically examines human studies that have examined polymorphism of two critical cytokine genes, tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-10, as potential determinants of susceptibility to and severity of acute infectious and inflammatory diseases. Conclusions are drawn on the application of genetic epidemiology to the field of ARF and the rationale for further research on the role of genetic markers in ARF.

Copyright 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel

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