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Circulation. 2004 Jan 27;109(3):340-4. Epub 2004 Jan 19.

Five-year follow-up after intracoronary gamma radiation therapy for in-stent restenosis.

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  • 1Washington Hospital Center, 110 Irving St NW, Suite 4B-1, Washington, DC 20010, USA.



The Washington Radiation for In-Stent Restenosis Trial is a double-blinded randomized study evaluating the effects of intracoronary radiation therapy (IRT) in patients with in-stent restenosis (ISR).


One hundred thirty patients with ISR (100 native coronary and 30 vein grafts) underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, laser ablation, rotational atherectomy, or additional stenting (36% of lesions). Patients were randomized to either 192-Iridium IRT or placebo, with a prescribed dose of 15 Gy to a 2-mm radial distance from the center of the source. Angiographic restenosis (27% versus 56%, P=0.002) and target vessel revascularization (26% versus 68%, P<0.001) were reduced at 6 months in patients treated with IRT. Between 6 and 60 months, patients treated with IRT compared with placebo had more target lesion revascularization (IRT, 21.6% versus placebo, 4.7%; P=0.04) and target vessel revascularization (IRT, 21.5% versus placebo, 6.1%; P=0.03). At 5 years, the major adverse cardiac event rate was significantly reduced with IRT (46.2% versus 69.2%, P=0.008).


In the Washington Radiation for In-Stent Restenosis Trial, patients with ISR treated with IRT using 192-Iridium had a reduction in the need for repeat target lesion and vessel revascularization at 6 months and 5 years.

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