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Plant Cell. 2004 Feb;16(2):342-52. Epub 2004 Jan 16.

Interchromatid and interhomolog recombination in Arabidopsis thaliana.

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  • 1Friedrich Miescher Institute, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland. jean.molinier@fmi.ch


Intermolecular recombination events were monitored in Arabidopsis thaliana lines using specially designed recombination traps consisting of tandem disrupted beta-glucuronidase or luciferase reporter genes in direct repeat orientation. Recombination frequencies (RFs) varied between the different lines, indicating possible position effects influencing intermolecular recombination processes. The RFs between sister chromatids and between homologous chromosomes were measured in plants either hemizygous or homozygous for a transgene locus. The RFs in homozygous plants exceeded those of hemizygous plants by a factor of >2, implying that in somatic plant cells both sister chromatid recombination and recombination between homologous chromosomes exist for recombinational DNA repair. In addition, different DNA-damaging agents stimulated recombination in homozygous and hemizygous plants to different extents in a manner dependent on the type of DNA damage and on the genomic region. The genetic and molecular analysis of recombination events showed that most of the somatic recombination events result from gene conversion, although a pop-out event has also been characterized.

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