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Urol Nurs. 2003 Dec;23(6):416-28, 458; quiz 429.

Promoting social continence: products and devices in the management of urinary incontinence.

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  • 1Duke University School of Nursing, Durham, NC, USA.

Erratum in

  • Urol Nurs. 2004 Feb;24(1):57.


Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent problem occurring in men and women across the lifespan. Technologic innovations have provided individuals with incontinence and caregivers with an array of options for achieving social continence. Even when UI cannot be completely cured, it can always be managed with products, skin care regimens, occlusive or drainage devices and toileting equipment to ensure optimal skin integrity, odorless urine containment, social independence, comfort, and freedom of movement. Various products, devices, and equipment available to help incontinent individuals preserve independence and quality of life and manage incontinence are described.

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