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Oncogene. 2004 Feb 5;23(5):1076-87.

IG20, in contrast to DENN-SV, (MADD splice variants) suppresses tumor cell survival, and enhances their susceptibility to apoptosis and cancer drugs.

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  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Abstract

We identified seven putative splice variants of the human IG20 gene. Four variants namely, IG20, MADD, IG20-SV2 and DENN-SV are expressed in human tissues. While DENN-SV is constitutively expressed in all tissues, expression of IG20 appears to be regulated. Interestingly, overexpression of DENN-SV enhanced cell replication and resistance to treatments with TNFalpha, vinblastine, etoposide and gamma-radiation. In contrast, IG20 expression suppressed cell replication and increased susceptibility to the above treatments. Moreover, cells that were resistant and susceptible to TNFalpha-induced apoptosis exclusively expressed endogenous DENN-SV and IG20, respectively. When PA-1 ovarian cancer cells that are devoid of endogenous IG20 variant, but express higher levels of DENN-SV, were transfected with IG20, they showed reduced cell proliferation and increased susceptibility to apoptosis induced by TNFalpha, TRAIL and gamma-radiation. This indicated that overexpression of IG20 can override endogenous DENN-SV function. CrmA reversed the effects of IG20, but not DENN-SV. In contrast, dominant-negative-I-kappa B reversed the effects of DENN-SV, but not IG20, and showed that DENN-SV most likely exerted its effects through NFkappaB activation. Together, our data show that IG20 gene can play a novel and significant role in regulating cell proliferation, survival and death through alternative mRNA splicing.

PMID:
14716293
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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