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Psychopharmacology (Berl). 2004 Apr;173(1-2):105-11. Epub 2004 Jan 8.

Effects of positive allosteric modulators of the GABAB receptor on cocaine self-administration in rats.

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  • 1Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA.

Abstract

RATIONALE:

Previous studies have strongly implicated a role for GABA(B) receptors in modulating the reinforcing effects of cocaine.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of the present study was to examine the efficacy of two novel positive allosteric modulators of the GABA(B) receptor, CGP7930 and GS39783, to decrease cocaine self-administration in rats responding under various schedules of reinforcement.

METHODS:

Rats were trained to self-administer cocaine under progressive ratio (PR), fixed ratio (FR) and discrete trials (DT) schedules of reinforcement, and the ability of CGP7930 and GS39783 to decrease cocaine-maintained responding was examined.

RESULTS:

On a PR schedule, CGP7930 markedly decreased break points maintained by 1.5 mg/kg per injection cocaine in a dose-dependent manner. GS39783 produced only modest decreases in cocaine-reinforced break points, with only the highest dose decreasing break points relative to baseline. On an FR1 schedule of reinforcement, both drugs decreased responding for a threshold dose of cocaine, but did not alter responding for higher doses of cocaine. In a DT procedure, 1.5 mg/kg per injection cocaine was made available during three 10-min trials each hour during 24-h sessions (DT3), engendering a circadian pattern of responding characterized by high numbers of infusions during the dark phase and low numbers of infusions during the light phase. Doses of 30 mg/kg CGP7930, 3.0 mg/kg GS39783 and 2.5 mg/kg baclofen significantly decreased cocaine-maintained responding when administered at the beginning of the dark phase of the cycle. Across all schedules, CGP7930 was more effective at decreasing cocaine self-administration than GS39783, a finding that may be due to differences in bioavailability between the two drugs.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that positive allosteric modulators of the GABA(B) receptor may hold promise as potential pharmacotherapies for cocaine abuse and dependence.

PMID:
14712341
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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