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Sleep. 1992 Dec;15(6 Suppl):S42-6.

Long-term compliance with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in obstructive sleep apnea patients and nonapneic snorers.

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  • 1Sleep Disorders Unit, University Hospital, Strasbourg, France.


In a prospective study aimed at evaluating objectively the compliance with nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment, 233 obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) (apnea index, > 10 apneas/hour) patients and 36 nonapneic snorers were studied. The compliance to treatment was measured by the mean rate of use of the CPAP device, obtained from a built-in time counter. The follow-up period was 874 +/- 48 in OSA patients and 675 +/- 83 in snorers. CPAP was proposed to all OSA patients but only to those snorers who felt improved after an initial laboratory night on CPAP. Nineteen OSA patients refused CPAP. Of the 214 OSA patients who accepted CPAP, 181 are still on treatment, with a mean daily rate of use of 5.6 +/- 0.1 hours (mean +/- SEM); 22 patients stopped CPAP after a variable period of time; 10 patients died and one acromegalic patient was considered cured after hypophysectomy for a pituitary adenoma. Depending upon the definition of acceptable compliance, the compliance rate in this group was between 77% and 89%. The mean rate of use was correlated with indices of disease severity (apnea index, apnea+hypopnea index, minimal SaO2 during sleep, daytime PaO2, pulmonary artery pressure). Thirty-six nonapneic snorers accepted CPAP. In this group, 26 are still on CPAP, with a mean daily rate of use of 5.4 +/- 0.5 hours; one patient died; one underwent uvolopalatopharyngoplasty without follow-up; and eight stopped CPAP. The compliance rate in this group was between 58% and 78%. This study shows that CPAP is reasonably accepted by OSA patients as well as by nonapneic snorers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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