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Inorg Chem. 2004 Jan 12;43(1):214-8.

A convenient route to lanthanide triiodide THF solvates. Crystal structures of LnI(3)(THF)(4) [Ln = Pr] and LnI(3)(THF)(3.5) [Ln = Nd, Gd, Y].

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  • 1Chemistry, School of Natural Sciences, Bedson Building, University of Newcastle, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 7RU UK.


The reaction between 1.5 equiv of elemental iodine and rare earth metals in powder form in THF at room temperature gives the rare earth triiodides LnI(3)(THF)(n)() in good yields. Purification by Soxhlet extraction of the crude solids with THF reliably gives the THF adducts LnI(3)(THF)(4) [Ln = La, Pr] and LnI(3)(THF)(3.5) [Ln = Nd, Sm, Gd, Dy, Er, Tm, Y] as microcrystalline solids. X-ray crystallography reveals that the early, larger lanthanide iodide PrI(3)(THF)(4) crystallizes as discrete molecules having a pentagonal bipyramidal structure, whereas the later, smaller lanthanide iodides LnI(3)(THF)(3.5) [Ln = Nd, Gd, Y] crystallize as solvent-separated ion pairs [LnI(2)(THF)(5)][LnI(4)(THF)(2)] in which the cations adopt a pentagonal bipyramidal geometry and the anions adopt an octahedral geometry in the solid state.

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