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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1992 Nov;346(5):496-503.

A component of 5-HT-evoked depolarization of the rat isolated vagus nerve is mediated by a putative 5-HT4 receptor.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Research, Wyeth Research Ltd., Maidenhead, Berkshire, UK.

Abstract

This study describes a component of 5-HT-evoked depolarization of the rat isolated vagus nerve which was unaffected by the 5-HT3 receptor antagonist ondansetron. A grease-gap extracellular recording technique was used. Ondansetron (10-100 nmol/l) displaced the 5-HT concentration-response curve to the right yielding a pA2 value of 8.6 (8.5-8.8), consistent with 5-HT3 receptor antagonism, and revealing a component of the 5-HT response which was resistant to ondansetron blockade. In the presence of ondansetron (100 nmol/l) the maximum depolarization in the resistant phase was 15.5 (12.6-19.2)% of the initial maximum response to 5-HT and the pEC50 value was 7.0 (6.7-7.3). The mechanism of the ondansetron-resistant component of the 5-HT response resembled a 5-HT4-receptor-effect in being absent in preparations equilibrated with 5-methoxytryptamine (10 mumol/l) and antagonised by ICS 205930 (tropisetron, pA2 6.4). 5-Methoxytryptamine alone was an agonist in the vagus nerve with a maximum response similar to that of the ondansetron resistant phase of the 5-HT response. Similarly renzapride alone evoked small depolarizations of this preparation but antagonized the ondansetron resistant phase of the 5-HT response (pA2 7.3-7.4). These effects of 5-methoxytryptamine and renzapride are also consistent with a 5-HT4 receptor mechanism. Ketanserin (1 mumol/l) and methysergide (1 mumol/l) had little effect on responses to 5-HT. The depolarization evoked by this putative 5-HT4 receptor mechanism was small but prolonged and appears to mask and after-hyperpolarizing phase of the 5-HT response in this tissue.

PMID:
1470221
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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