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J Biol Chem. 2004 Mar 12;279(11):10822-8. Epub 2003 Dec 29.

Tumor necrosis factor-induced nonapoptotic cell death requires receptor-interacting protein-mediated cellular reactive oxygen species accumulation.

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  • 1Cell and Cancer Biology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, NCI, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA. linyo@mail.nih.gov

Abstract

The mechanism of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced nonapoptotic cell death is largely unknown, although the mechanism of TNF-induced apoptosis has been studied extensively. In wild-type mouse embryonic fibroblast cells under a caspase-inhibited condition, TNF effectively induced cell death that morphologically resembled necrosis. In this study, we utilized gene knockout mouse embryonic fibroblasts cells and found that tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) I mediates TNF-induced necrotic cell death, and that RIP, FADD, and TRAF2 are critical components of the signaling cascade of this TNF-induced necrotic cell death. Inhibitors of NF-kappaB facilitated TNF-induced necrotic cell death, suggesting that NF-kappaB suppresses the necrotic cell death pathway. JNK, p38, and ERK activation seem not to be required for this type of cell death because mitogen-activated protein kinase inhibitors did not significantly affect TNF-induced necrotic cell death. In agreement with the previous reports that the reactive oxygen species (ROS) may play an important role in this type of cell death, the ROS scavenger butylated hydroxyanisole efficiently blocked TNF-induced necrotic cell death. Interestingly, during TNF-induced necrotic cell death, the cellular ROS level was significantly elevated in wild type, but not in RIP(-/-), TRAF2(-/-), and FADD(-/-) cells. These results suggest that RIP, TRAF2, and FADD are crucial in mediating ROS accumulation in TNF-induced necrotic cell death.

PMID:
14701813
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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