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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jan;24(2):595-607.

Nuclear reorganization of mammalian DNA synthesis prior to cell cycle exit.

Author information

  • 1Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center, Charlestown, MA 02129, USA.

Abstract

In primary mammalian cells, DNA replication initiates in a small number of perinucleolar, lamin A/C-associated foci. During S-phase progression in proliferating cells, replication foci distribute to hundreds of sites throughout the nucleus. In contrast, we find that the limited perinucleolar replication sites persist throughout S phase as cells prepare to exit the cell cycle in response to contact inhibition, serum starvation, or replicative senescence. Proteins known to be involved in DNA synthesis, such as PCNA and DNA polymerase delta, are concentrated in perinucleolar foci throughout S phase under these conditions. Moreover, chromosomal loci are redirected toward the nucleolus and overlap with the perinucleolar replication foci in cells poised to undergo cell cycle exit. These same loci remain in the periphery of the nucleus during replication under highly proliferative conditions. These results suggest that mammalian cells undergo a large-scale reorganization of chromatin during the rounds of DNA replication that precede cell cycle exit.

PMID:
14701733
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC343811
Free PMC Article

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