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Int J Food Microbiol. 2004 Jan 15;90(2):161-70.

Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes by enterocin EJ97 produced by Enterococcus faecalis EJ97.

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  • 1Area de Microbiología, Departamento de Ciencias de la Salud. Facultad de Ciencias Experimentales, Universidad de Jaén, 23071, Jaén, Spain.


Enterocin EJ97 from Enterococcus faecalis EJ97 showed a concentration-dependent antimicrobial activity against Listeria monocytogenes CECT 4032. Activity of enterocin EJ97 against L. monocytogenes CECT 4032 increased slightly at 4 degrees C, and cold-adapted cells did not show any increased resistance. Sensitivity of L. monocytogenes CECT 4032 to enterocin EJ97 was not modified by the addition of sodium benzoate, sodium acetate, NaCl or sodium tripolyphosphate. Anti-listeria activity was enhanced by potassium nitrate, and especially by sodium nitrite at concentrations of 50 microg/ml or above. E. faecalis EJ97 produced bacteriocin activity during cocultivation with L. monocytogenes CECT 4032 at 37 degrees C and also at 15 degrees C, but not at 4 degrees C. Growth of L. monocytogenes CECT 4032 was inhibited by bacteriocin produced during cocultivation at 37 and 15 degrees C, and the degree of inhibition was influenced by the incubation temperature and the initial concentrations of enterococci and listeria. E. faecalis EJ97 also produced bacteriocin during cocultivation in half-skimmed milk, although its capacity to control L. monocytogenes was limited to populations of 10(3) CFU/ml or lower.

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