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Hepatogastroenterology. 2003 Nov-Dec;50(54):2259-63.

A combination immunochemotherapy of 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, leucovorin, and OK-432 for advanced and recurrent gastric carcinoma.

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  • 1Third Department of Surgery, Kanagawa Cancer Center, 1-1-2 Nakao, Asahi-Ku, Yokohama 241-0815, Japan.



Based on theories of biochemical modulation and immunotherapy, a novel regimen consisting of 5-fluorouracil, cisplatin, leucovorin, and OK-432 (FLPO therapy) was devised for the treatment of patients with advanced and recurrent gastric carcinoma.


The 14-day combination therapy consisted of continuous infusion of 5-fluorouracil (250 mg/m2/day), a bolus injection of 10 mg cisplatin and 30 mg leucovorin every other day, and a subcutaneous injection or per oral administration of OK-432 (3KE or 5KE) every other day. Thirty patients completed 59 courses of treatment consisting of 2 weeks of therapy followed by at least 2 weeks rest.


The overall response rate was 40%, with 1 complete response and 11 partial responses observed. All twelve patients responded after 1 course of treatment. The response rate differed depending upon tumor location, 22.2% at the primary site, 60.0% in the lymph nodes, 45.5% with peritoneal dissemination, 44.4% with liver metastases, 50.0% in the lung, and 100.0% with skin metastases. The most frequently observed toxicity was stomatitis (53.3%). The overall incidence of toxicities of grade 3 or greater was 6.6%, including diarrhea (3.3%) and stomatitis (3.3%). One patient required treatment interruption because of the grade 3 toxicity of diarrhea. The median survival time was 198 days overall, 242 days for responders and 125 days for non-responders.


FLPO therapy seemed to be an effective regimen for the treatment of advanced and recurrent gastric carcinoma.

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