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Bone Marrow Transplant. 2004 Mar;33(6):645-50.

Pulmonary function after autologous bone marrow transplantation in children: a long-term prospective study.

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  • 1Department of Women's and Children's Health, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.


We performed serial pulmonary function tests (PFTs) consisting of spirometry and diffusing capacity in 26 children after BMT. The median follow-up was 10 years. The influence of total body irradiation (TBI) on long-term pulmonary function was of particular interest. In the 20 children who had received TBI, after an initial decrease the PFTs showed recovery, but the mean lung volumes were still significantly decreased 5 years after BMT at 10% below baseline. The proportions of children with restrictive impairment 5 and 10 years after BMT were 20 and 21%, respectively. Only one child was diagnosed with obstructive impairment. The proportions of children with isolated diffusing impairment at 5 and 10 years were 7/20 (35%) and 7/13 (54%), respectively. Six children had received chemotherapy only and showed isolated diffusing impairment as the only long-term sequela in 4/5 and 1/3 at 5 and 10 years. Our main finding was that there was little change in PFTs 1-10 years after BMT. TBI was associated with persistently decreased lung volumes in a proportion of patients, whereas chemotherapy also might have been of importance for the development of impaired gas exchange.

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