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Clin Chim Acta. 2004 Jan;339(1-2):57-63.

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for circulating human resistin: resistin concentrations in normal subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Chemistry, Kobe Pharmaceutical University, Kobe 658-8558, Japan.



Resistin is a recently identified adipocyte-secreted hormone in rodents, and has been proposed to serve as a link between obesity and insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to develop a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for human resistin and evaluate serum resistin concentrations in normal subjects and patients with type 2 diabetes.


Using ELISA developed by two polyclonal antibodies, resistin concentrations were measured in 90 patients with type 2 diabetes and compared to 74 healthy control subjects.


This ELISA has high specificity and sensitivity over the concentration of range 0.5-100 ng/ml with good percentage recovery (97.1 +/- 4.7%) and reproducibility (within-day assay, CV = 4.8-8.6%; between-day assay, CV = 5.6-9.7%). The mean concentration of resistin in sera from type 2 diabetic patients was significantly higher than that in normal subjects (mean +/- S.E.: 20.8 +/- 0.7 vs. 14.9 +/- 0.5 ng/ml, p < 0.001). A moderate positive correlation was observed between serum resistin levels and body mass indices in both normal subjects (r = 0.412, p < 0.0003) and patients with type 2 diabetes (r = 0.395, p < 0.0001).


Our ELISA will be useful to confirm the physiological and pathophysiological role of resistin in humans.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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