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Phys Rev Lett. 2003 Dec 12;91(24):241803. Epub 2003 Dec 11.

Midrapidity neutral-pion production in proton-proton collisions at square root s = 200 GeV.

Adler SS, Afanasiev S, Aidala C, Ajitanand NN, Akiba Y, Alexander J, Amirikas R, Aphecetche L, Aronson SH, Averbeck R, Awes TC, Azmoun R, Babintsev V, Baldisseri A, Barish KN, Barnes PD, Bassalleck B, Bathe S, Batsouli S, Baublis V, Bazilevsky A, Belikov S, Berdnikov Y, Bhagavatula S, Boissevain JG, Borel H, Borenstein S, Brooks ML, Brown DS, Bruner N, Bucher D, Buesching H, Bumazhnov V, Bunce G, Burward-Hoy JM, Butsyk S, Camard X, Chai JS, Chand P, Chang WC, Chernichenko S, Chi CY, Chiba J, Chiu M, Choi IJ, Choi J, Choudhury RK, Chujo T, Cianciolo V, Cobigo Y, Cole BA, Constantin P, D'Enterria DG, David G, Delagrange H, Denisov A, Deshpande A, Desmond EJ, Dietzsch O, Drapier O, Drees A, Drees KA, Du Rietz R, Durum A, Dutta D, Efremenko YV, El Chenawi K, Enokizono A, En'yo H, Esumi S, Ewell L, Fields DE, Fleuret F, Fokin SL, Fox BD, Fraenkel Z, Frantz JE, Franz A, Frawley AD, Fung SY, Garpman S, Ghosh TK, Glenn A, Gogiberidze G, Gonin M, Gosset J, Goto Y, Granier De Cassagnac R, Grau N, Greene SV, Grosse Perdekamp M, Guryn W, Gustafsson HA, Hachiya T, Haggerty JS, Hamagaki H, Hansen AG, Hartouni EP, Harvey M, Hayano R, He X, Heffner M, Hemmick TK, Heuser JM, Hibino M, Hill JC, Holzmann W, Homma K, Hong B, Hoover A, Ichihara T, Ikonnikov VV, Imai K, Isenhower D, Ishihara M, Issah M, Isupov A, Jacak BV, Jang WY, Jeong Y, Jia J, Jinnouchi O, Johnson BM, Johnson SC, Joo KS, Jouan D, Kametani S, Kamihara N, Kang JH, Kapoor SS, Katou K, Kelly S, Khachaturov B, Khanzadeev A, Kikuchi J, Kim DH, Kim DJ, Kim DW, Kim E, Kim GB, Kim HJ, Kistenev E, Kiyomichi A, Kiyoyama K, Klein-Boesing C, Kobayashi H, Kochenda L, Kochetkov V, Koehler D, Kohama T, Kopytine M, Kotchetkov D, Kozlov A, Kroon PJ, Kuberg CH, Kurita K, Kuroki Y, Kweon MJ, Kwon Y, Kyle GS, Lacey R, Ladygin V, Lajoie JG, Lebedev A, Leckey S, Lee DM, Lee S, Leitch MJ, Li XH, Lim H, Litvinenko A, Liu MX, Liu Y, Maguire CF, Makdisi YI, Malakhov A, Manko VI, Mao Y, Martinez G, Marx MD, Masui H, Matathias F, Matsumoto T, McGaughey PL, Melnikov E, Messer F, Miake Y, Milan J, Miller TE, Milov A, Mioduszewski S, Mischke RE, Mishra GC, Mitchell JT, Mohanty AK, Morrison DP, Moss JM, Mühlbacher F, Mukhopadhyay D, Muniruzzaman M, Murata J, Nagamiya S, Nagle JL, Nakamura T, Nandi BK, Nara M, Newby J, Nilsson P, Nyanin AS, Nystrand J, O'Brien E, Ogilvie CA, Ohnishi H, Ojha ID, Okada K, Ono M, Onuchin V, Oskarsson A, Otterlund I, Oyama K, Ozawa K, Pal D, Palounek AP, Pantuev VS, Papavassiliou V, Park J, Parmar A, Pate SF, Peitzmann T, Peng JC, Peresedov V, Pinkenburg C, Pisani RP, Plasil F, Purschke ML, Purwar AK, Rak J, Ravinovich I, Read KF, Reuter M, Reygers K, Riabov V, Riabov Y, Roche G, Romana A, Rosati M, Rosnet P, Ryu SS, Sadler ME, Saito N, Sakaguchi T, Sakai M, Sakai S, Samsonov V, Sanfratello L, Santo R, Sato HD, Sato S, Sawada S, Schutz Y, Semenov V, Seto R, Shaw MR, Shea TK, Shibata TA, Shigaki K, Shiina T, Silva CL, Silvermyr D, Sim KS, Singh CP, Singh V, Sivertz M, Soldatov A, Soltz RA, Sondheim WE, Sorensen SP, Sourikova IV, Staley F, Stankus PW, Stenlund E, Stepanov M, Ster A, Stoll SP, Sugitate T, Sullivan JP, Takagui EM, Taketani A, Tamai M, Tanaka KH, Tanaka Y, Tanida K, Tannenbaum MJ, Tarján P, Tepe JD, Thomas TL, Tojo J, Torii H, Towell RS, Tserruya I, Tsuruoka H, Tuli SK, Tydesjö H, Tyurin N, Van Hecke HW, Velkovska J, Velkovsky M, Villatte L, Vinogradov AA, Volkov MA, Vznuzdaev E, Wang XR, Watanabe Y, White SN, Wohn FK, Woody CL, Xie W, Yang Y, Yanovich A, Yokkaichi S, Young GR, Yushmanov IE, Zajc WA, Zhang C, Zhou S, Zolin L; PHENIX Collaboration.

Abstract

The invariant differential cross section for inclusive neutral-pion production in p+p collisions at sqrt[s]=200 GeV has been measured at midrapidity (|eta|<0.35) over the range 1<p(T) less, similar 14 GeV/c by the PHENIX experiment at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider. Predictions of next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations are consistent with these measurements. The precision of our result is sufficient to differentiate between prevailing gluon-to-pion fragmentation functions.

PMID:
14683109
[PubMed]
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