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Ann Ital Chir. 2003 May-Jun;74(3):327-31.

[Complicated colon cancer: the experience at an Operative Surgery Unit].

[Article in Italian]

Author information

  • 1Divisione Clinicizzata di Chirurgia Generale, Dipartimento di Scienze Chirurgiche Sperimentali e Cliniche, Universit√† degli Studi G. d'Annunzio di Chieti.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Prognosis of colon cancer is worse if complications are present at the moment of diagnosis. The high mortality rate with surgery in emergency in such cases needs a careful reflection about the best suitable operation to perform.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

107 consecutive patients observed along a 9 year-period for colon-rectal cancer are retrospectively analysed. 27 of them were complicated at the presentation for obstruction (19 patients), colon perforation (6 patients) or rectal hemorrhage (2 patients). In the whole experience 5 patients underwent primary resection of the tumour and direct anastomosis; 5 only a decompressive colostomy; 6 were primarily resected and anastomized under the protection of a cecostomy; 6 other patients underwent a Hartmann procedure; 2 were treated with only an intestinal by-pass; 1 was treated with Miles procedure; 1 with an anterior rectal section and the last one was resected-anastomosed in two steps, after a temporary decompressive colostomy.

RESULTS:

Intraoperative mortality was of 11.1% (3 patients) and morbidity 18.5% (5 patients). General 5 years survival was 62.1% among the cases complicated at presentation. The recurrence rate was 8.45%. Both these figures are below a statistical significance (p = 0.57).

CONCLUSIONS:

The necessity to treat in emergency the colon cancers reduces the possibility to adopt the best rules of modern programmed oncologic surgery giving up the chemotherapy w/o neoadjuvant radiotherapy with which a preoperative down-staging of the tumour were possible. For these reasons in emergency not only mortality and morbidity are higher than in case of elective surgery, but also metastasization and recurrence are worse because of a more difficult radicality in surgery.

PMID:
14677290
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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