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J Immunother. 2004 Jan-Feb;27(1):60-72.

Vaccination with predesignated or evidence-based peptides for patients with recurrent gynecologic cancers.

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  • 1Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume, Fukuoka, Japan.

Abstract

Two different trials of peptide vaccination were conducted for patients with recurrent gynecologic cancers. In the first regimen, four HLA-A24+ patients (two with cervical cancer and two with ovarian cancer) were vaccinated with peptides that were predesignated before vaccination. Three patients exhibited with a grade 1 adverse effect, and no clinical response was observed in any patients. In the second regimen, six HLA-A24+ and four HLA-A2+ patients (five with cervical cancer, one with endometrial cancer, one with uterine sarcoma, and three with ovarian cancer) were vaccinated with peptides (maximum four) to which preexisting cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursors in the periphery were confirmed before vaccination. With this regimen, grade 1 adverse effects were observed in eight patients, a grade 2 adverse effect in one patient, and a grade 3 adverse effect (ie, rectal bleeding) in one patient. However, this regimen was able to enhance peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in seven of ten patients, and three of five cervical cancer patients showed objective tumor regression. Analysis of immunoglobulin G -reactive to administered peptides suggested that the induction of peptide-specific immunoglobulin G was correlated with clinical responses. Overall, these results suggest that peptide vaccination of patients showing evidence of preexisting peptide-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte precursors could be superior to vaccination with predesignated peptides, and that the evidence-based regimen is applicable for clinical trials in treatment of patients with recurrent gynecologic cancers.

PMID:
14676634
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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