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J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2003 Dec;11(2):174-7.

The incidence of deep vein thrombosis after hip and knee arthroplasties in Japanese patients: a prospective study.

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  • 1Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mie University Faculty of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu City, Mie Prefecture 514-8507, Japan.



To document the incidence of proximal deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in 58 consecutive Japanese patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty.


Patients were routinely examined for proximal deep vein thrombosis by B-mode ultrasonography before and after surgery. Those patients who had ultrasonographic findings of deep vein thrombosis were also investigated for pulmonary embolism by ventilation-perfusion lung scan.


The incidence of deep vein thrombosis after total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty were 9.1% and 4.0% respectively, and the incidence of pulmonary embolism were 3.0% and 0%, respectively. There were no cases of fatal pulmonary embolism.


The incidence of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in Japanese patients may have increased over the last few decades.

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