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J Biol Chem. 2004 Mar 5;279(10):9440-50. Epub 2003 Dec 15.

12/15-Lipoxygenase activity mediates inflammatory monocyte/endothelial interactions and atherosclerosis in vivo.

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  • 1Department of Diabetes, Beckman Research Institute, City of Hope National Medical Center, Duarte, California 91010, USA.

Abstract

We have shown that the 12/15-lipoxygenase (12/15-LO) product 12S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid increases monocyte adhesion to human endothelial cells (EC) in vitro. Recent studies have implicated 12/15-LO in mediating atherosclerosis in mice. We generated transgenic mice on a C57BL/6J (B6) background that modestly overexpressed the murine 12/15-LO gene (designated LOTG). LOTG mice had 2.5-fold elevations in levels of 12S-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid and a 2-fold increase in expression of 12/15-LO protein in vivo. These mice developed spontaneous aortic fatty streak lesions on a chow diet. Thus, we examined effects of 12/15-LO expression on early events leading to atherosclerosis in these mice. We found that, under basal unstimulated conditions, LOTG EC bound more monocytes than B6 control EC (18 +/- 2 versus 7 +/- 1 monocytes/field, respectively; p < 0.0001). Inhibition of 12/15-LO activity in LOTG EC using a 12/15-LO ribozyme completely blocked monocyte adhesion in LOTG mice. Thus, 12/15-LO activity is required for monocyte/EC adhesion in the vessel wall. Expression of ICAM-1 in aortic endothelia of LOTG mice was increased severalfold. VCAM-1 expression was not changed. In a series of blocking studies, antibodies to alpha(4) and beta(2) integrins in WEHI monocytes blocked monocyte adhesion to both LOTG and B6 control EC. Inhibition of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and connecting segment-1 fibronectin in EC significantly reduced adhesion of WEHI monocytes to LOTG EC. In summary, these data indicate that EC from LOTG mice are "pre-activated" to bind monocytes. Monocyte adhesion in LOTG mice is mediated through beta(2) integrin and ICAM-1 interactions as well as through VLA-4 and connecting segment-1 fibronectin/VCAM-1 interactions. Thus, 12/15-LO mediates monocyte/EC interactions in the vessel wall in atherogenesis at least in part through molecular regulation of expression of endothelial adhesion molecules.

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