Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Infect Dis. 2003 Dec 15;188(12):1928-39. Epub 2003 Dec 3.

Effects of rhinovirus infection on the adherence of Streptococcus pneumoniae to cultured human airway epithelial cells.

Author information

  • 1Department of Geriatric and Respiratory Medicine, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Sendai, Japan.


To examine the effects of rhinovirus (RV) infection on the adherence of Streptococcus pneumoniae to human tracheal epithelial cells, cells were infected with RV-14, and S. pneumoniae were added to the culture medium. The number of S. pneumoniae adhering to epithelial cells increased after RV infection. Y-24180, a specific inhibitor of the platelet-activating factor receptor (PAF-R); PAF; and the pyrrolidine derivative of dithiocarbamate, an inhibitor of transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB), decreased the number of S. pneumoniae adhering to cells after RV-14 infection. RV-14 infection increased PAF-R expression and the activation of NF-kappaB and promoter-specific transcription factor 1. These findings suggest that RV-14 infection stimulates S. pneumoniae adhesion to airway epithelial cells via increases in PAF-Rs that are partly mediated through activation of transcription factors. Increased adherence of S. pneumoniae may be one of the reasons that pneumonia develops after RV infection.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk