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Mol Cell Biol. 2004 Jan;24(1):164-71.

CD3/CD28 costimulation-induced NF-kappaB activation is mediated by recruitment of protein kinase C-theta, Bcl10, and IkappaB kinase beta to the immunological synapse through CARMA1.

Author information

  • 1Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, SUNY, Buffalo, New York 14214, USA.

Abstract

CARMA1 (also known as CARD11) is a scaffold molecule and contains a caspase-recruitment domain (CARD) and a membrane-associated guanylate kinase-like (MAGUK) domain. It plays an essential role in mediating CD3/CD28 costimulation-induced NF-kappaB activation. However, the molecular mechanism by which CARMA1 mediates costimulatory signals remains to be determined. Here, we show that CARMA1 is constitutively associated with the cytoplasmic membrane. This membrane association is essential for the function of CARMA1, since a mutant of CARMA1, CARMA1(L808P), that is defective in the membrane association cannot rescue CD3/CD28 costimulation-induced NF-kappaB activation in JPM50.6 CARMA1-deficient T cells. Although CD3/CD28 costimulation effectively induces the formation of the immunological synapse in CARMA1-deficient T cells, the recruitment of protein kinase C-theta (PKC-theta), Bcl10, and IkappaB kinase beta (IKKbeta) into lipid rafts of the immunological synapse is defective. Moreover, expression of wild-type CARMA1, but not CARMA1(L808P), restores the recruitment of PKC-theta, Bcl10, and IKKbeta into lipid rafts in CARMA1-deficient T cells. Consistently, expression of a mutant CARMA1, CARMA1(DeltaCD), that cannot associate with Bcl10 failed to restore CD3/CD28 costimulation-induced NF-kappaB activation in JPM50.6 cells, whereas expression of Bcl10-CARMA(DeltaCD) fusion protein effectively restored this NF-kappaB activation. Together, these results indicate that CARMA1 mediates CD3/CD28 costimulation-induced NF-kappaB activation by recruiting downstream signaling components into the immunological synapse.

PMID:
14673152
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC303359
Free PMC Article

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