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Brain Res. 2004 Jan 9;995(2):274-84.

Nitric oxide synthesis inhibition increases proliferation of neural precursors isolated from the postnatal mouse subventricular zone.

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  • 1Area de Fisiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Cádiz, Cádiz, Spain.

Abstract

The subventricular zone (SVZ) of rodents retains the capacity to generate new neurons throughout the entire life of the animal. Neural progenitors of the SVZ survive and proliferate in vitro in the presence of epidermal growth factor (EGF). Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to participate in neural tissue formation during development and to have antiproliferative actions, mediated in part by inhibition of the EGF receptor. Based on these findings, we have investigated the possible effects of endogenously produced and exogenously added NO on SVZ cell proliferation and differentiation. Explants were obtained from postnatal mouse SVZ and cultured in the presence of EGF. Cells migrated out of the explants and proliferated in culture, as assessed by bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation. After 72 h in vitro, the colonies formed around the explants were constituted by cells of neuronal or glial lineages, as well as undifferentiated progenitors. Immunoreactivity for the neuronal isoform of NO synthase was observed in neuronal cells with long varicose processes. Cultures treated with the NOS inhibitor N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) showed an increase in the percentage of BrdU-immunoreactive cells, whereas treatment with the NO donor diethylenetriamine-nitric oxide adduct (DETA-NO) led to a decrease in cell proliferation, without affecting apoptosis. The differentiation pattern was also altered by L-NAME treatment resulting in an enlargement of the neuronal population. The results suggest that endogenous NO may contribute to postnatal neurogenesis by modulating the proliferation and fate of SVZ progenitor cells.

PMID:
14672818
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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