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Stroke. 2004 Jan;35(1):109-14. Epub 2003 Dec 11.

Effect of incomplete (spontaneous and postthrombolytic) recanalization after middle cerebral artery occlusion: a magnetic resonance imaging study.

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  • 1Department of Neurology, University Hospitals, Frankfurt, Germany. tnh@rz.uni-frankfurt.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

Early reperfusion is one of the best predictors of good outcome after acute middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion. The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency and relevance of incomplete recanalization for tissue and clinical outcome.

METHODS:

From a larger acute stroke database (Kompetenznetzwerk Schlaganfall B5), all patients (n=82) with MCA main stem occlusion (excluding carotid T-occlusions) were selected. These patients had received a multiparametric stroke MRI protocol including diffusion- and perfusion-weighted imaging (DWI, PWI) and MR angiography (MRA) within 6 hours after symptom onset, at day 1 and after 1 week. Recanalization status was determined with MRA on day 1 (according to Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction flow grades) and used to group patients into those with persistent occlusion (0) or minimal (1), partial (2), or complete (3) recanalization.

RESULTS:

Incomplete recanalization according to MRI criteria was found in 39 patients (grade 1: n=20; grade 2: n=19), complete recanalization in 10, and persistent occlusion in 33. There was no statistically significant difference in any of the clinical (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score) or MRI baseline parameters (DWI lesion, PWI deficit, mismatch volume, mismatch ratio). However, lesion growth was smaller in patients with recanalization (even in patients with only minimal recanalization) and outcome was related to the degree of recanalization (mean modified Rankin score at 90 days: 3.36, 2.70, 1.79, and 1.44 for the groups with no, minimal, partial, and complete recanalization, respectively). Both incomplete and complete recanalization was more frequent in patients receiving thrombolysis.

CONCLUSIONS:

Incomplete recanalization on day 1 is a frequent MR finding after MCA main stem occlusion, indicating a more favorable clinical course than persistent occlusion. MR indicators of early recanalization could be useful surrogates of efficacy in thrombolytic trials.

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PMID:
14671246
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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