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Endocrinology. 2004 Apr;145(4):1662-7. Epub 2003 Dec 11.

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha deficiency does not alter insulin sensitivity in mice maintained on regular or high-fat diet: hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp studies.

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  • 1Third Department of Medicine, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic. mhalu@lf1.cuni.cz

Abstract

Chronic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha activation improves glucose metabolism in rodent models of insulin resistance and diabetes; however, PPAR-alpha deficiency was also reported to protect against high-fat diet (HFD)-induced insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to clarify the role of PPAR-alpha in the development of insulin resistance using PPAR-alpha knockout (KO) mice and wild-type controls (WT). Both WT and PPAR-alpha KO mice on HFD gained significantly more weight relative to chow-fed groups and displayed an increase in insulin levels and a decrease in adiponectin levels. Hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp performed in the nonfasting state demonstrated that HFD caused a marked reduction in whole body, muscle, and white and brown adipose tissue glucose uptake in both WT and PPAR-alpha KO mice relative to chow-fed groups. Suppression of endogenous glucose production during the clamp was markedly blunted in both WT and PPAR-alpha KO HFD-fed mice, indicating liver insulin resistance. The magnitude of HFD-induced changes in the clamp parameters of insulin sensitivity was comparable in PPAR-alpha KO and WT mice. In conclusion, these data show that PPAR-alpha deficiency does not alter insulin sensitivity in mice fed normal chow diet and does not protect against HFD-induced insulin resistance as measured by hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamp in nonfasted state.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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