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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2004 Mar 1;169(5):596-603. Epub 2003 Dec 11.

Signaling pathways regulating interleukin-13-stimulated chemokine release from airway smooth muscle.

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  • 1Department of Asthma, Allergy, and Respiratory Science, Guy's, King's and St Thomas' School of Medicine, King's College London, Guy's Hospital Campus, United Kingdom.


Interleukin (IL)-13 receptor activation on airway smooth muscle cells induces eotaxin release and activates multiple signaling pathways including mitogen-activated protein kinases, and signal transducer and activator of transcription 6 (STAT6). To examine a requirement for STAT6 in mediating IL-13-stimulated eotaxin release we used antisense oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) to downregulate endogenous STAT6 protein. STAT6 antisense ODNs were taken up by about 85% of cells. Selective downregulation of STAT6 protein occurred with antisense ODNs, but not with sense or scrambled ODNs. Eotaxin release induced by IL-13 or IL-4 (10 ng/ml) was reduced by 81 +/- 4 and 75 +/- 7%, respectively, in cells transfected with antisense ODNs (p < 0.001), but not with a sense ODN or a scrambled ODN. Eotaxin release induced by IL-1beta was unaffected by STAT6 antisense ODN (p > 0.05). Finally, IL-13- or IL-4-dependent eotaxin release was abolished when inhibitors of both p42/p44 ERK (U0126, 10 microM) and p38 (SB202190, 10 microM) mitogen-activated protein kinase pathways were combined in STAT6 antisense ODN-transfected cells. In contrast, about 25% of the response remained when each inhibitor was examined alone in STAT6 antisense ODN-treated cells. These data support roles for both STAT6- and mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent pathways in mediating eotaxin release from airway smooth muscle by IL-13 or IL-4.

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