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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003 Dec 8;1607(2-3):191-202.

Monitoring cytochrome redox changes in the mitochondria of intact cells using multi-wavelength visible light spectroscopy.

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  • 1Wolfson Institute for Biomedical Research, University College London, Cruciform Building, Gower Street, London, WC1E 6AE, UK.

Abstract

We have developed an optical system based on visible light spectroscopy for the continuous study of changes in the redox states of mitochondrial cytochromes in intact mammalian cells. Cells are suspended in a closed incubation chamber in which oxygen and nitric oxide (NO) concentrations can be monitored during respiration. Simultaneously the cells are illuminated with a broad-band tungsten-halogen light source. Emergent light in the visible region (from 490-650 nm) is detected using a spectrophotometer and charge-coupled device camera system. Intensity spectra are then converted into changes in optical attenuation from a 'steady-state' baseline. The oxidised-minus-reduced absorption spectra of the mitochondrial cytochromes are fitted to the attenuation spectra using a multi-wavelength least-squares algorithm. Thus, the system can measure changes in the redox states of the cytochromes during cellular respiration. Here we describe this novel methodology and demonstrate its validity by monitoring the action of known respiratory chain inhibitors, including the endogenous signalling molecule NO, on cytochrome redox states in human leukocytes.

PMID:
14670609
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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