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J Clin Microbiol. 2003 Dec;41(12):5473-7.

Evaluation of the INNO-LiPA HBV genotyping assay for determination of hepatitis B virus genotype.

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  • 1Bloodborne Pathogens and Hepatitis, National Microbiology Laboratory, Canadian Science Centre for Human and Animal Health, Winnipeg, Manitoba R3E 3P6, Canada.


Specific genotypes of hepatitis B virus (HBV) are increasingly recognized for their clinical significance and association with particular viral mutations. Although many HBV genotyping methods exist, there has been no standardized or commercially available method for direct molecular typing of the HBV genome. A newly available line probe assay (INNO-LiPA HBV Genotyping assay; Innogenetics N.V., Ghent, Belgium) that allows the identification of HBV genotypes A to G was assessed by comparison with pre-S1/pre-S2 sequence analysis of the isolates in 188 serum specimens. All seven genotypes were detected by the line probe assay (LiPA), and complete concordance between LiPA and sequence analysis was observed for 152 specimens (81%). LiPA was able to detect 19 mixed genotype infections not detected by amplicon sequencing, which for the most part were confirmed by cloning and sequencing of the pre-S1/pre-S2 amplicon. Four specimens had discrepant results between the two methods, and five specimens had indeterminate results by LiPA. The HBV DNA in four specimens was unable to be amplified by the nested INNO-LiPA HBV DR amplification primers; however, the HBV DNA in six specimens unable to be genotyped by sequencing was clearly genotyped by LiPA. The INNO-LiPA HBV Genotyping assay appears to be useful for the rapid genotyping of HBV, particularly for the sensitive detection of mixed genotype infections.

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