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Amino Acids. 2003 Dec;25(3-4):397-407. Epub 2003 Aug 28.

Protein oxidation in aging: endoplasmic reticulum as a target.

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  • 1Erasmus MC, Department of Internal Oncology - Josephina Nefkens Instituut, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. d.vandervlies@erasmucmc.nl

Abstract

Oxidatively modified proteins have been shown to correlate with the age of an organism or its tissues. An increase in tissue-susceptibility to experimentally induced protein oxidation not only depends on tissue type and age, but also on the maximum lifespan potential of the species. A general, although tissue dependent, decline in anti-oxidative defenses during aging may very well be responsible for this difference in vulnerability. In addition, the level of protein modifications also depends on the nature and the subcellular localization of the proteins involved. Damage to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), and its subsequent impaired functionality may be involved in the process of aging. This is suggested by; (1) an upregulation of ER stress-response chaperones, (2) a preferential oxidation of ER-resident proteins and, (3) a disturbance of calcium homeostasis. Therefore, this review will focus on the putative involvement of the oxidized endoplasmic reticulum in the process of aging.

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