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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2003 Nov;53(Pt 6):2079-83.

Candida zemplinina sp. nov., an osmotolerant and psychrotolerant yeast that ferments sweet botrytized wines.

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  • 1Department of Genetics, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.


Four yeast strains isolated from fermenting botrytized grape musts in the Tokaj wine region of Hungary are shown to represent a new osmotolerant and psychrotolerant species. The new species, Candida zemplinina (type strain 10-372(T)=CBS 9494(T)=NCAIM Y016667(T)), is closely related to Candida stellata, a yeast common on overripe grapes and in sweet fermenting wines. The sequence of the D1/D2 domain of the C. zemplinina 10-372(T) 26S rDNA shows 8.1 % sequence difference when compared to its counterpart in C. stellata CBS 157(T). In the conserved 5.8S gene of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 region the difference is 8 %. The D1/D2 domain differs only at two nucleotides from the homologous sequence of a yeast strain isolated from botrytized grapes in California, suggesting that C. zemplinina is a wine yeast that occurs in geographically distant localities.

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