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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2004 Jan;369(1):1-22. Epub 2003 Nov 28.

Beta-adrenoceptor polymorphisms.

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  • 1Depts. of Pathophysiology and Nephrology, University of Essen School of Medicine, IG I., 9.OG, Hufelandstrasse 55, 45147, Essen, Germany. kirsten.leineweber@uni-essen.de

Abstract

There can be no doubt that beta(1)-, beta(2)- and beta(3)-adrenoceptor genes have genetic polymorphisms. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms have been described for the beta(1)- (Ser49Gly; Gly389Arg), three for the beta(2)- (Arg16Gly; Gln27Glu; Thr164Ile) and one for the beta(3)-adrenoceptor subtype (Trp64Arg) that might be of functional importance. The possibility that changes in expression or properties of the beta-adrenoceptors due to single nucleotide polymorphisms might have phenotypic consequences influencing their cardiovascular or metabolic function or may contribute to the pathophysiology of several disorders like hypertension, congestive heart failure, asthma or obesity is an idea that has attracted much interest during the last 10 years. At present, it appears that these beta-adrenoceptor polymorphisms are very likely not disease-causing genes, but might be risk factors, might modify disease and/or might influence progression of disease. The aim of this review is to provide an overview of the functional consequences of such beta-adrenoceptor polymorphisms in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo.

PMID:
14647973
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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