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Sex Transm Dis. 2003 Dec;30(12):919-24.

Low incidence and prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection among sexually active non-intravenous drug-using adults, San Francisco, 1997-2000.

Author information

  • 1San Francisco Department of Public Health, San Francisco, California. ghammer@epi-center.ucsf.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The rate of sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) is debated.

GOAL:

The goal was to measure the risk of sexual transmission of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in a sexually active population.

STUDY DESIGN:

Sexual behaviors and HCV antibody status were measured in persons seeking repeat HIV testing in San Francisco from October 1997 through March 2000.

RESULTS:

Among 981 repeat testers, the prevalence of HCV antibody was 2.5%. Among men who have sex with men who denied intravenous drug use (n=746), factors associated with HCV antibody positivity include age greater than 50 years (odds ratio [OR], 8.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.6-27.7), HIV infection (OR, 5.7; 95% CI, 1.6-20.6), and being nonwhite (OR, 3.3; 95% CI, 1.1-10.0). HCV antibody positivity was not associated with sexual risk behaviors. In 576.6 person-years of observation, no new HCV seroconversions occurred (incidence=0 per 100 person-year; 95% CI, 0-.6), whereas 6 new herpes simplex virus-2 infections (2.8 per 100 person-years) and 10 new HIV infections (1.8 per 100 person-years) occurred.

CONCLUSION:

The absence of new HCV infections in this sample supports the hypothesis that the risk of sexual transmission of HCV is low.

PMID:
14646642
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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