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Br J Psychiatry. 2003 Dec;183:498-506.

Quantitative analysis of sponsorship bias in economic studies of antidepressants.

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  • 1Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, and Connecticut Mental Health Center, New Haven, Connecticut 06519, USA. Bruce.Baker@Yale.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Concern is widespread about potential sponsorship influence on research, especially in pharmacoeconomic studies. Quantitative analysis of possible bias in such studies is limited.

AIMS:

To determine whether there is an association between sponsorship and quantitative outcomes in pharmacoeconomic studies of antidepressants.

METHOD:

Using all identifiable articles with original comparative quantitative cost or cost-effectiveness outcomes for antidepressants, we performed contingency table analyses of study sponsorship and design v. study outcome.

RESULTS:

Studies sponsored by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) manufacturers favoured SSRIs over tricyclic antidepressants more than non-industry-sponsored studies. Studies sponsored by manufacturers of newer antidepressants favoured these drugs more than did non-industry-sponsored studies. Among industry-sponsored studies, modelling studies favoured the sponsor's drug more than did administrative studies. Industry-sponsored modelling studies were more favourable to industry than were non-industry-sponsored ones.

CONCLUSIONS:

Pharmacoeconomic studies of antidepressants reveal clear associations of study sponsorship with quantitative outcome.

PMID:
14645020
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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