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Genet Test. 2003 Fall;7(3):203-11.

Calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum is facilitated in human myotubes derived from carriers of the ryanodine receptor type 1 mutations Ile2182Phe and Gly2375Ala.

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  • 1Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Leipzig University Hospital, Liebigstrasse 20a, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. wehm@medizin.uni-leipzig.de


Malignant hyperthermia (MH) is caused by increased calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum, triggered by volatile anesthetics or depolarizing muscle relaxants. Numerous mutations associated with MH have been detected in the skeletal muscle type ryanodine receptor gene (RyR1), but so far facilitated calcium release has only been demonstrated for a few of them. This is a prerequisite for confirming the causative role of an RyR1 mutation for MH. Calcium release from sarcoplasmic reticulum induced by 4-chloro-m-cresol (4CmC), caffeine, and halothane was determined in human myotubes by calcium imaging. The RyR1 Ile2182Phe mutation and the RyR1 Gly2375Ala mutation have been identified in individuals susceptible to MH. In myotubes of individuals carrying the RyR1 Ile2182Phe or the RyR1 Gly2375Ala mutation, the EC(50) for caffeine and halothane was reduced; in the Ile2182Phe myotubes, the EC(50) for 4CmC was also reduced, all consistent with facilitated calcium release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. From these data we conclude that both mutations are pathogenic for MH.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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