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J Med Chem. 2003 Dec 4;46(25):5512-32.

Syntheses and binding studies of new [(aryl)(aryloxy)methyl]piperidine derivatives and related compounds as potential antidepressant drugs with high affinity for serotonin (5-HT) and norepinephrine (NE) transporters.

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  • 1FAES FARMA S A, Research Department, Máximo Aguirre 14, 48940 Leioa, Vizcaya, Spain.


In a wide search program toward new, efficient, and fast-acting antidepressant drugs, we have prepared series of new compounds having an (aryl)(aryloxy)methyl moiety linked directly or through a methylene chain to different substituted and unsubstituted cycles (isoquinoline, piperazine, piperidine, tetrahydropyran, or cyclopentane). These compounds have been evaluated for their affinities for serotonin (5-HT) transporter (SERT) and 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors. Racemic mixtures of 4-[(aryl)(aryloxy)methyl]piperidine derivatives showed much higher affinity values for SERT than fluoxetine and resulted in lack of affinity for 5-HT(1A) and 5-HT(2A) receptors. Some of these racemic mixtures were resolved to their enantiomers and tested for binding to norepinephrine (NE) transporter (NET), dopamine (DA) transporter (DAT), and alpha(2) receptor. Several of these enantiomers [(-)-15b, (-)-15j, (-)-15t, (+)-15u] displayed a dual binding profile with affinities for SERT and NET with K(i) < 25 nM and a NET/SERT ratio <10. Compound (-)-15j (coded as F-98214-TA for development studies) showed a dual binding profile with very high affinity values for SERT and NET (K(i) = 1.9 and 13.5 nM, respectively), and further pharmacological characterization is in progress for its evaluation as a antidepressant.

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