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J Refract Surg. 2003 Nov-Dec;19(6):645-53.

Ferrara intrastromal corneal ring segments for severe keratoconus.

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  • 1Department of Ophthalmology, Federal University of São Paulo, Paulista School of Medicine, São Paulo, Brazil.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Intrastromal Ferrara ring segments were inserted in eyes with severe keratoconus to evaluate safety and efficacy of this procedure.

METHODS:

Intrastromal Ferrara ring segments were placed in 36 eyes of 35 patients with severe keratoconus, who were evaluated after 12 months of follow-up. All patients had highly disabling visual acuity, contact lens intolerance, and a previous indication for penetrating keratoplasty. Statistical analysis included preoperative and postoperative uncorrected visual acuity, best spectacle-corrected visual acuity, manifest refraction, anterior chamber depth, keratometry, and pachymetry.

RESULTS:

No patient had a loss of visual acuity. Uncorrected visual acuity improved in 28 eyes (77.78%) and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity improved in 29 eyes (80.56%). Spherical equivalent refraction decreased from -7.29 +/- 3.12 D to -4.80 +/- 3.04 D at 12 months after Ferrara intrastromal ring segment implantation. Corneal topography and ultrasound biomicroscopy showed corneal flattening, demonstrated by thinning of the central cornea and a reduction in anterior chamber depth. Segment decentration occurred in one eye (2.7%), asymmetric positioning of the segments in two eyes (5%), inadequate depth in two eyes (5%), migration of the segments in two eyes (5%), segment extrusion in five eyes (13.8%), conjunctivitis in one eye (2.7%), bacterial keratitis in one eye (2.7%), and hydrops in one eye (2.7%).

CONCLUSIONS:

With these early results, Ferrara intrastromal ring segments appear to be an alternative for the treatment of severe keratoconus.

PMID:
14640429
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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