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Actas Esp Psiquiatr. 2003 Nov-Dec;31(6):353-60.

[Psychiatric and neuropsychological legal assessment of traumatic brain damage and Law 30/95].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

  • 1Servicio de Daño Cerebral, Hospital Aita Menni, Bilbao, Spain. q@ita_menni.org

Abstract

Medico-legal assessment of people who have suffered injuries in road traffic accidents must use Law 30/95 as a reference frame. Psychiatric and neuropsychological syndromes secondary to traumatic brain injury (TBI) are no exception and pose demanding challenges to physicians and psychologists. This paper analyzes descriptive and nosological difficulties face by psychiatrists and psychologists; their expert contribution includes translation of official diagnostic entities into categories published in the annex of Law 30/95. Our psychopathological repertoire was created in the 19th century and has hardly been revised since. The wide and varied types of neuropsychological impairments encountered in TBI have to be diagnosed within a very narrow range of DSM-IV and ICD-10 categories. The most common conflicts encountered in the medicolegal arena are revised: the differential diagnosis between dementia and combinations of organic personality disorder with cognitive impairment; differential diagnosis between spontaneous psychiatric illness (bipolar disorder, schizophrenia) and psychiatric syndromes secondary to brain injury (posttraumatic psychosis, organic bipolar disorder); differential diagnosis between concussional syndrome and organic personality disorder, cognitive impairment or organic affective disorder. Specific diagnostic guidelines are suggested for each of these clinical situations. Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2003;31(6):353-360 <FONT face="Courier New" size=2></FONT>

PMID:
14639512
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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