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Anesth Analg. 2003 Dec;97(6):1595-604.

New light on intravascular volume replacement regimens: what did we learn from the past three years?

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  • 1Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine, Klinikum der Stadt Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen, Germany. BoldtJ@gmx.net


Definition of the "ideal" intravascular fluid volume replacement strategy still remains a critical problem. This article analyzes studies on volume replacement by using a MEDLINE search of the past 3 years (from January 1, 2000, to December 12, 2002). Forty original studies in humans with a total of 2454 subjects were identified. Five studies were performed in volunteers (n = 113); the other 35 studies (n = 2341) were performed in a variety of patients (e.g., cardiac surgery, trauma patients, children, and intensive care unit patients). The influence of different volume replacement regimens on coagulation was one of the major topics of interest (16 studies with 1183 subjects), and other studies focused on metabolic state, alterations in macro- and microcirculation, volume distribution, and organ function (e.g., kidney function and splanchnic perfusion). Among all synthetic colloids, hydroxyethyl starch (HES) was the solution most often studied. Two new HES preparations have been approved (Hextend), a balanced hetastarch solution, and a new third-generation HES [130/0.4]). Only two studies used albumin, and no superiority of albumin was found over less expensive synthetic colloids. In almost all studies, the outcome either was no end-point or was not reported. Volume replacement has often been hitherto based on dogma and personal beliefs. Future well performed studies in this area will hopefully help to shed new light on the ideal volume replacement strategy.


By using a MEDLINE search covering the last 3 yr, the present knowledge on volume replacement regimens was analyzed. Forty studies in humans were identified. New hydroxyethyl starch preparations have shed light on this topic, whereas no additional data supporting the use of albumin have been presented.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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