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J Dent Res. 2003 Dec;82(12):998-1001.

Relationship of periodontal disease and edentulism to stroke/TIA.

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  • 1School of Dentistry, CB7450, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7450, USA. john_elter@unc.edu

Abstract

Periodontitis has been shown to increase the systemic inflammatory response, which has been implicated in atherosclerosis and cerebrovascular events. We hypothesized an association between periodontitis or edentulism and Stroke/TIA in the ARIC Study. Data on 9415 dentate and 1491 edentulous adults included demographics, cardiovascular outcomes, lifestyle, laboratory measures, and, for 6436 of the dentate, a dental examination. The dependent variable was Stroke/TIA, and the exposure was extent (%) of attachment level 3+ millimeters (AL). Quartiles of AL and edentulism were compared for Stroke/TIA using odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI), and confounders were controlled by logistic regression. Stroke/TIA was prevalent in 13.5% of periodontal examinees, 15.6% of dentate non-examinees, and 22.5% of edentulous persons. The highest quartile of AL (OR 1.3, CI 1.02-1.7) and edentulism (OR 1.4, CI 1.5-2.0) were associated with Stroke/TIA.

PMID:
14630902
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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