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Blood. 2004 Apr 1;103(7):2727-37. Epub 2003 Nov 20.

Small lymphocytic lymphoma, marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, and mantle cell lymphoma exhibit distinct gene-expression profiles allowing molecular diagnosis.

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  • 1Service d'hĂ©matologie, Centre Hospitalier Lyon-Sud, Pierre-BĂ©nite, France.


Non-germinal center small B-cell lymphomas represent a heterogeneous group of non-Hodgkin lymphomas, the most frequent histologic subtypes being small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL), splenic marginal zone B-cell lymphoma (MZL), and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). In order to identify genomic signatures specific for each disease, we analyzed 128 primary tumors using high-density microarrays. Several clusters of genes significantly discriminated the 3 histologic subtypes. Genes associated with cell adhesion, angiogenesis, and inhibition of apoptosis were up-regulated in SLL. Genes associated with intracellular signaling via the AKT1 pathway were up-regulated in splenic MZL. Genes associated with cell cycle control and multidrug resistance were up-regulated in MCL. Using 44 genes selected within the gene clusters discriminant for the 3 lymphoma subtypes, we generated a class prediction score that allowed us to classify the 3 entities in 96% of the cases, including borderline cases. Whereas specific transcriptional profiles easily distinguished all MZL samples, SLL samples, and most of the MCL samples into separate groups, few MCL cases exhibited MZL-type transcriptional profiles. This study demonstrates that SLL, splenic MZL, and MCL possess specific transcriptional profiles that may be relevant to the pathogenesis and the diagnosis of these histologic subtypes.

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