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FEBS Lett. 2003 Nov 27;555(1):102-5.

Multidrug resistance ABC transporters.

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  • Department of Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 N. Torrey Pines Rd. CB-105, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA. gchang@scripps.edu


Clinical multidrug resistance is caused by a group of integral membrane proteins that transport hydrophobic drugs and lipids across the cell membrane. One class of these permeases, known as multidrug resistance ATP binding cassette (ABC) transporters, translocate these molecules by coupling drug/lipid efflux with energy derived from the hydrolysis of ATP. In this review, we examine both the structures and conformational changes of multidrug resistance ABC transporters. Together with the available biochemical and structural evidence, we propose a general mechanism for hydrophobic substrate transport coupled to ATP hydrolysis.

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