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Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2003 Dec 1;57(5):1297-303.

125I versus 103Pd for low-risk prostate cancer: preliminary PSA outcomes from a prospective randomized multicenter trial.

Author information

  • 1Department of Radiation Oncology, Puget Sound Health Care System, Department of Veterans Affairs, Seattle, WA 98108, USA. kentwallner@med.va.gov

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To compare prostate cancer control rates in patients who received (125)I vs. (103)Pd.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Of a planned total of 600 patients with 1997 American Joint Committee on Cancer clinical Stage T1c-T2a prostate carcinoma (Gleason score 5-6, prostate-specific antigen [PSA] 4-10 ng/mL), 126 were randomized to implantation with (125)I (144 Gy) vs. (103)Pd (125 Gy). The prostate biopsies were reviewed for Gleason score by one of us (L.T.). A single manufacturer of (125)I sources (Model 6711, Amersham, Chicago, IL) and (103)Pd sources (Theraseed, Theragenics, Buford, Georgia) was used. Isotope implantation was performed with standard techniques, using a modified peripheral loading pattern. Of a total of 126 patients randomized, 11 were excluded, leaving 115 randomized patients for this analysis. Twenty patients received a short course of preimplant hormonal therapy, none of whom continued hormonal therapy after their implant procedure. Postimplant CT was obtained 2-4 hours after implantation. The dosimetric parameters analyzed included the percentage of the postimplant prostate or rectal volume covered by the prescription dose (V(100)) and the dose that covered 90% of the postimplant prostate volume (D(90)). Freedom from biochemical failure was defined as a serum PSA level < or =0.5 ng/mL at last follow-up. Patients were censored at last follow-up if their serum PSA level was still decreasing. Patients whose serum PSA had reached a nadir at a value >0.5 ng/mL were scored as having failure at the time at which their PSA had reached a nadir. The follow-up period for patients without failure ranged from 2.0 to 4.9 years (median 2.9). Freedom-from-failure curves were calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Differences between groups were determined by the log-rank method.

RESULTS:

The actuarial biochemical freedom-from-failure rate at 3 years was 89% for (125)I patients vs. 91% for (103)Pd patients (p = 0.76). The 3-year biochemical freedom-from-failure rate for patients with a D(90) <100% of the prescription dose was 82% vs. 97% for patients with a D(90) > or =100% of the prescription dose (p = 0.01). Similarly, the 3-year biochemical freedom-from-failure rate for patients with a V(100) <90% of the prescription dose was 87% vs. 97% for patients with a V(100) > or =90% of the prescription dose (p = 0.01). The effect of the dosimetric parameters on biochemical control was most pronounced for (125)I, but also apparent for (103)Pd.

CONCLUSIONS:

The 3-year actuarial biochemical control rates for low early-stage prostate cancer are similar after (125)I and (103)Pd.

PMID:
14630265
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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