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J Infect Dis. 2003 Nov 15;188(10):1498-507. Epub 2003 Nov 13.

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) dynamics during HCV treatment in HCV/HIV coinfection.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California, San Diego, California 92103, USA. ftorriani@ucsd.edu.


We studied hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) dynamics in 10 coinfected subjects in a trial of pegylated interferon-alpha2a (PEG-IFN) alone or combined with ribavirin (RBV), compared with IFN plus RBV for the treatment of HCV. Five subjects, 4 of whom were treated with PEG-IFN, achieved a sustained virological response, although it was delayed by >/=1 week in 3 subjects. The median treatment efficacy in blocking virion production was 99.7% in the PEG-IFN group and 60% with standard IFN. In 2 patients with detectable HIV loads before starting HCV study drugs, we observed a 1-log decrease in HIV RNA load. The estimated HCV virion half-life was longer in the HIV-coinfected subjects, which suggests that coinfection may contribute to a slower clearance of HCV. Although the early viral kinetics of coinfected subjects treated with PEG-IFN or IFN differ from those of singly infected subjects, the treatment response seems unaffected.

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