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Blood Press Monit. 2003 Oct;8(5):215-22.

Evaluation of the 24 h effects of the angiotensin II receptor blockers: means to improve cardiovascular outcomes?

Author information

  • 1State University of New York, Health Sciences Center, New York, NY 10174, USA. michaelwebermd@cs.com

Abstract

Recent research has demonstrated that ambulatory BP is a superior means to predict cardiovascular outcomes in treated patients with hypertension. Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring has been utilized to evaluate the efficacy of all anti-hypertensive drugs including the angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs). This paper reviews the relationship of clinic and ambulatory blood pressures to cardiovascular outcomes and the benefits of ARBs to maximize improvement in clinical end-points in patients with hypertension. Clinical trial evidence has demonstrated that ARBs are a preferred class in patients with electrocardiographic evidence of left ventricular hypertrophy, in patients with type 2 diabetes, patients with chronic kidney disease, and in individuals with heart failure who have clinically relevant intolerability to angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. In addition, there is increasing evidence from clinical trials that many of the ARBs provide adequate 24 h blood pressure control alone or in combination with other anti-hypertensive agents. We conclude that the combination of event reduction from large-scale clinical trials, adequate 24 h BP reduction, and improved tolerability compared to most other classes of anti-hypertensive agents, make the ARBs a suitable initial treatment for patients with hypertension.

PMID:
14624172
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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